Cataract associated with intraocular tumors

Carlos A. Medina, Mary E. Aronow, Arun D. Singh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Cataracts are cloudy or opaque areas in the lens that should otherwise be clear. They result in changes that can impair vision. Cataracts can be secondary to age and mechanical, chemical, or radiation trauma. They are the single largest cause of blindness in the world accounting for over 47 % of blindness worldwide. Intraocular tumors are a rare but important cause of cataract, and the presence of intraocular tumor as an underlying cause should be excluded when the cataract is unilateral, total, sectoral, or posterior subcapsular without obvious cause such as trauma, inflammation, or steroid use. The cataract may be caused by the tumor itself or by previous interventions to diagnose (biopsy) or treat (steroids, excision, radiation, chemotherapy) the intraocular tumor. In the case of a poor view on funduscopy, the clinician must rely on thorough examination techniques and ancillary tests such as ultrasonography and ultrasound biomicroscopy to determine the presence and extent of an intraocular tumor. It is important to remember that the management of patients with intraocular tumors is complex, sometimes controversial, and in some instances the tumor may have been treated with unfamiliar techniques. In this chapter we will discuss the various treatment-related causes of cataracts, specific tumor entities associated with cataracts, and special considerations for the management of cataracts in patients with intraocular tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClinical Ophthalmic Oncology
Subtitle of host publicationBasic Principles and Diagnostic Techniques, Second Edition
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages141-149
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783642404894
ISBN (Print)9783642404887
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cataract associated with intraocular tumors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this