Ca2+ loading and adrenergic stimulation reveal male/female differences in susceptibility to ischemia-reperfusion injury

Heather R. Cross, Elizabeth Murphy, Charles Steenbergen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To compare ischemia-reperfusion injury in males versus females under hypercontractile conditions, perfused hearts from 129J mice pretreated with 3 mmol/l Ca2+ or 10-8 mol/l isoproterenol ± 10-6 mol/l Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) were subjected to 20 min of ischemia and 40 min of reperfusion while 31P NMR spectra were acquired. Basal contractility increased equivalently in female versus male hearts with isoproterenol- or Ca2+ treatment. Injury was equivalent in untreated male versus female hearts but was greater in isoproterenol or Ca2+-treated male than female hearts, as indicated by lower postischemic contractile function, ATP, and PCr. Endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) expression was higher in female than male hearts, neuronal NOS (nNOS) did not differ, and inducible NOS (iNOS) was undetectable. Ischemic NO production was higher in female than male hearts, and L-NAME increased injury in female isoproterenol-treated hearts. In summary, isoproterenol or high Ca2+ pretreatment increased ischemia-reperfusion injury in males more than females. eNOS expression and NO production were higher in female than male hearts, and L-NAME blocked female protection. Females were therefore protected from the detrimental effects of adrenergic stimulation and Ca2+ loading via a NOS-mediated mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H481-H489
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume283
Issue number2 52-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Energetics
  • Gender
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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