Case report: Perioperative use of protein C concentrate for protein C deficiency in THA

Savyasachi C. Thakkar, Michael B. Streiff, Duane F. Bruley, Simon C. Mears

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Perioperative management of patients with heterozygous protein C deficiency is challenging because of the competing risks of bleeding and recurrent thrombosis. Case Description We report the case of a 74-year-old man with protein C deficiency and heterozygous pro- thrombin G20210A gene mutation who had a successful left THA with perioperative administration of human zymogen protein C concentrate in addition to anticoagulation with enoxaparin. Literature Review Several studies have reported the use of protein C concentrate in severe sepsis-associated pur- pura fulminans in patients with severe congenital protein C deficiency who have had thrombotic events. We reviewed studies and case reports pertinent to the treatment of patients with protein C deficiency, especially in the perioperative setting. We report the case of a patient undergoing THA in whom we used human zymogen protein C concentrate. Purposes and Clinical Relevance THA, a particularly high-risk procedure, is associated with a 40% to 70% incidence of venographic deep venous thrombosis and a 2% to 3% incidence of symptomatic deep venous thrombosis. These risks are greater in people with thrombophilic defects such as protein C deficiency. The use of human zymogen protein C in our patient with heterozygous protein C deficiency during the perioperative period of a THA was associated with no evidence of excessive bleeding, hematoma, deep venous thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1986-1990
Number of pages5
JournalClinical orthopaedics and related research
Volume468
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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