Cas spleen focus-forming virus. II. Further biological and biochemical characterization

W. Y. Langdon, S. K. Ruscetti, J. E. Silver, W. D. Hankins, C. E. Buckler, H. C. Morse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A new isolate of a murine erythroblastosis-inducing spleen focus-forming virus (Cas SFFV), derived from the wild mouse ecotropic murine leukemia virus Cas-Br-M, was further characterized after the production of a nonproducer cell line. When rescued from the nonproducer cells with a helper murine leukemia virus, the Cas SFFV induced rapid splenic enlargement and focus formation when inoculated into adult NFS/N mice. The Cas SFFV nonproducer cell line was also utilized to compare the envelope-related glycoprotein of Cas SFFV with gp52s from three strains of Friend SFFV. Cas SFFV was found to encode a 50,500-dalton glycoprotein (gp50) distinct in size to the envelope-related glycoproteins of the Friend SFFVs. The Cas SFFV was also compared in RNA blot hybridization studies. The genomic viral RNA of Cas SFFV was found to be slightly larger than two polycythemia-inducing strains of Friend SFFV and markedly larger than the anemia-inducing strain. Further comparisons between the SFFVs were made by examining their transforming capabilities in an in vitro erythroid burst assay. The erythroid bursts induced by Cas SFFV and the anemia-inducing strain of Friend SFFV showed similarities in their erythropoietin requirements. This study supports our recent observations that Cas SFFV is biologically similar to the anemia-inducing strain of Friend SFFV yet biochemically distinct from all Friend SFFVs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-336
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume47
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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