Carotid body chemoreceptor and ventilatory responses to sustained hypoxia and hypercapnia in the cat

S. Andronikou, M. Shirahata, A. Mokashi, S. Lahiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To understand the role of carotid chemoreceptor activity in the ventilatory responses to sustained hypoxia (30 min) the following measurements were made in cats anesthetized with alpha-chloralose: (1) carotid chemoreceptor and ventilatory responses to isocapnic hypoxia and to hypercapnia during hypernoxia; (2) caratoid chemoreceptor responses to isocapnic hypoxia after dopamine receptor blockade; and (3) ventilatory responses to hypoxia after bilateral section of caratoid sinus nerves (CSN). Transition to hypoxia (Pao2 {reversed tilde equals} 52 Torr) from hyperoxia gradually increased carotid chemoreceptor activity by ten fold and ventilation by two fold without any detectable overshoot. Termination of isocapnic hypoxia with hyperoxia (Pao2 > 300 Torr) at 30 min promptly restored the carotid chemoreceptor activity to prehypoxic level. Ventilation also decreased promptly, but remained above the control value. Induction of Hypercapnia (from 31.8 Torr to 43.9 Torr) during hyperoxia was followed by a prompt increase in the chemoreceptor activity by four fold which subsequently diminished, and by a gradual four fold increase in ventilation. Termination of hypercapnia after 30 min was followed by a prompt return of chemoreceptor activity and by a slow return of ventilation to near control levels. Dopamine receptor blockade increased carotid chemoreceptor responsiveness to acute hypoxia but did not alter the response pattern during sustained hypoxia. After bilateral CSN section, ventilation decreased during maintained hypoxia. Thus, a stimulatory peripheral and inhibitory central effects of hypoxia could produce a biphasic ventilatory response to short-term hypoxia in the anesthetized cat with intact CSN but did not manifest it. The results suggest that the chemosensory input not only promptly stimulates ventilation but also prevents the subsequent depressant effect of hypoxia on the brain=stem respiratory mechanisms and hence presumably a biphasic ventilatory response in the anesthetisized cat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-374
Number of pages14
JournalRespiration Physiology
Volume72
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1988

Keywords

  • Carotid sinus nerves
  • D dopamine receptor
  • Depressant hypoxic effect
  • Hypercapnia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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