Caregiver characteristics associated with infant cognitive status in in-utero drug exposed infants

Arlene M. Butz, Margaret Pulsifer, Eileen O'Brien, Harolyn M.E. Belcher, Mary Kathleen Lears, Deborah Miller, Richard Royall, Walter Kaufmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In a study of 66 in-utero drug exposed (IUDE) infants, we evaluated infant cognitive status with the Mental Scale of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (Second Edition), caregiver-infant interaction using the Nursing Child Assessment Feeding Scale (NCAFS), and caregiver cognitive functioning (IQ) to determine which caregiver variables were associated with infant cognitive status. Mean score on the Bayley Mental Development Index was 87.4 (SD, 10.8). Almost half (44%) of the caregiver-infant dyads were categorized as “At Risk” for poor caregiver-infant interaction based on scores of the NCAFS. Mean caregiver IQ was 76.9. Logistic regression analysis indicated that care-giver IQ was the only statistically significant coefficient in the model predicting poor infant cognitive status (p = .009); however, caregiver-infant interaction showed a moderate effect (p = .08).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-41
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 1 2002


  • Caregiver-infant interaction
  • Infant outcome
  • Maternal IQ
  • Prenatal drug exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Psychology(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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