Care-Seeking Behavior after Notification among Young Women with Recurrent Sexually Transmitted Infections after Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Arlene Manns Butz, Charlotte A Gaydos, Shang En Chung, Betty H. Johnson, Steven Huettner, Maria E Trent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective. To determine the level of nurse case management and outreach required to notify young women with sexually transmitted infection (STI) positive test results after pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and percent seeking treatment. Methods. Participants (N = 153) were enrolled in a clinical trial of young women diagnosed with PID and followed for 3 months for recurrent STIs. Vaginal swabs were obtained at 1 and 3 months. All participants were notified of positive STIs at 1 and 3 months and treatment arranged. Data were analyzed with logistic regression for comparison of treatment status by number of nurse contacts. Results. Over the 3-month period, 59 participants (38.6%) tested positive for one or more STIs and all received notification. Only 50% (19/38) of participants with STI at 1 month and 43% (16/37) at 3 months received treatment. Conclusions. Despite the high notification rate of positive test results for young adults with recurrent STIs, many failed to seek treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1107-1112
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Pediatrics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016



  • adolescent
  • nurse case management
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • sexually transmitted infection (STI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this