Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Parents of Food-Allergic Children

Sheila Ohlsson Walker, Guangyun Mao, Deanna Caruso, Xiumei Hong, Jacqueline A. Pongracic, Xiaobin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Previous studies suggest that chronic stress may induce immune system malfunction and a broad range of adverse health outcomes; however, the underlying pathways for this relationship are unclear. Our study aimed to elucidate this question by examining the relationship between parental cardiovascular risk factors including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and maternal psychological stress score (MPSS) relative to the severity of the child's food allergy (FA) and number of affected children. SBP, DBP, BMI, and WHR were measured and calculated at the time of recruitment by trained nurses. MPSS was obtained based on self-report questionnaires covering lifestyle adjustments, perceived chronic stress, and quality of life. General linear models examined whether caregiver chronic stress was associated with FA. For mothers with children under age 5 years, SBP, DBP and number of affected children had strong and graded relationships with severity of the child's FA. MPSS was also significantly and positively associated with child FA severity (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere3156
JournalMedicine (United States)
Issue number15
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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