Microinjections of Leu-enkephalin into the dorsal vagal complex induced hypotension and bradycardia. Both naloxone, given at a dose conferring selectivity for μ receptors, and the δ antagonist ICI 154,129 prevented the cardiovascular effects of Leu-enkephalin. Naloxone was also found to decrease the gain of the baroreflex. These results suggest that Leu-enkephalin is involved in cardiovascular regulation through activation of δ-, and possibly μ-, opioid receptors in the dorsal vagal complex.
- ICI 154,129
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