Cardiorespiratory events in preterm infants

interventions and consequences

J. M. Di Fiore, C. F. Poets, Estelle B Gauda, R. J. Martin, P. MacFarlane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Stabilization of respiration and oxygenation continues to be one of the main challenges in clinical care of the neonate. Despite aggressive respiratory support including mechanical ventilation, continuous positive airway pressure, oxygen and caffeine therapy to reduce apnea and accompanying intermittent hypoxemia, the incidence of intermittent hypoxemia events continues to increase during the first few months of life. Even with improvements in clinical care, standards for oxygen saturation targeting and modes of respiratory support have yet to be identified in this vulnerable infant cohort. In addition, we are only beginning to explore the association between the incidence and pattern of cardiorespiratory events during early postnatal life and both short- and long-term morbidity including retinopathy of prematurity, growth, sleep-disordered breathing and neurodevelopmental impairment. Part 1 of this review included a summary of lung development and diagnostic methods of cardiorespiratory monitoring. In Part 2 we focus on clinical interventions and the short- and long-term consequences of cardiorespiratory events in preterm infants.Journal of Perinatology advance online publication, 19 November 2015; doi:10.1038/jp.2015.165.

Fingerprint

Premature Infants
Perinatology
Oxygen
Retinopathy of Prematurity
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Incidence
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Apnea
Standard of Care
Caffeine
Artificial Respiration
Publications
Respiration
Newborn Infant
Morbidity
Lung
Growth
Hypoxia
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Cardiorespiratory events in preterm infants : interventions and consequences. / Di Fiore, J. M.; Poets, C. F.; Gauda, Estelle B; Martin, R. J.; MacFarlane, P.

In: Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association, 19.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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