Cardiopulmonary bypass with profound hypothermia: An optimal preservation method for multiorgan procurement

William A Baumgartner, G. Melville Williams, Charles D. Fraser, Duke E. Cameron, Timothy J. Gardner, James F. Burdick, Sharon Augustine, Pamela D. Gaul, Bruce A. Reitz

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Numerous techniques have been devised for the harvesting of individual organs during a multiorgan procurement operation. Cardiopulmonary bypass with profound hypothermia (PH) has been employed in successful harvesting of heart-lung, kidney, pancreas, and liver grafts. This report summarizes our experience using CPB-PH for the harvesting of multiple organs from 10 brain-dead donors during the period from July 1983 to January 1988. Organs harvested included 10 heartlungs, 17 kidneys (3 kidneys were not harvested due to anatomy [1] and elevated creatinine [2]), 1 liver, and 1 pancreas. Mean ischemic time for the distantly procured heart-lung grafts was 2 81 ±1 0 min. Adequate pulmonary function, as assessed by arterial blood gases, was observed in each heart-lung recipient (mean P0 2 was 119±46 mmHg, 164±47 mmHg, 130±30 mmHg, 114± 26 mmHg at immediate post-CPB, 6 hr postop, 24 hr postop, and postextubation, respectively). Mean length of intubation was 3 4 ± 8 hr. Mean creatinines of kidney recipients at days 2,7, and current creatinine were 7.4± 3.6 mg%, 3.6± 2.4 mg%, and 1.6±0.66 mg%, respectively. Eight kidney recipients (47%) required dialysis, (2 patients required only a single dialysis). Ninety-four percent of the kidney transplant patients are alive, and 88% (15/17) have functioning kidneys. One liver and 1 pancreas were harvested during this time period. Preservation was satisfactory in both the pancreas (Johns Hopkins Hospital) and liver (Dr. Thomas Starzl, personal communication). The technique of CPB-PH has resulted in excellent function of heart-lung grafts. Follow-up of the transplanted kidneys, liver, and pancreas utilizing this technique shows equal or better function compared with standard techniques. This technique offers other advantages in addition to satisfactory multiorgan preservation. Placement of an unstable patient on CPB ensures adequate organ perfusion and allows for a gradual yet uniform cooling of all organ systems. Cooling to a core temperature of 10—15°C requires 30 min, during which time preliminary intraabdominal and mediastinal dissection can be carried out. Following cessation of CPB and subsequent exsanguination, organs can be more easily dissected in a near-bloodless field. This technique does not preclude additional crystalloid organ flushing. Since multiorgan procurement occurs with virtually every donor, this technique may be the optimal method providing excellent preservation, ease of dissection, and better control of hemodynamics during the operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-127
Number of pages5
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1989


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology

Cite this

Baumgartner, W. A., Melville Williams, G., Fraser, C. D., Cameron, D. E., Gardner, T. J., Burdick, J. F., Augustine, S., Gaul, P. D., & Reitz, B. A. (1989). Cardiopulmonary bypass with profound hypothermia: An optimal preservation method for multiorgan procurement. Transplantation, 47(1), 123-127.