Cardiac Tamponade: A Fatal Complication of Central Venous Catheterization

David K. Bone, Willis C. Maddrey, James Eagan, John L. Cameron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A case of acute pericardial tamponade occurred secondary to a central venous catheter; and 11 similar cases are reviewed from the literature. The tamponade in these cases is thought to be secondary to perforation of an intrapericardial structure by the central venous catheter. In 11 of the 12 patients a venous cutdown was performed using a long beveled polyethylene catheter. The correct diagnosis was made in only five instances prior to the patient's death, and in only a single case was pericardiocentesis performed early allowing for the patient's survival. Careful placement of the catheter tip outside of the heart, and the use of pliable nonbeveled silicone elastomer (Silastic) catheters are suggested as means of preventing this lethal complication of central venous catheterization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)868-870
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of surgery
Volume106
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1973

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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