Cardiac sympathetic nerve function assessed by [131I]metaiodobenzylguanidine after ischemia and reperfusion in anesthetized dogs.

H. Takatsu, C. M. Duncker, M. Arai, L. C. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Accumulation of 131I-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine ([131I]MIBG), a radiolabeled norepinephrine analog, is reduced in infarcted myocardium, suggesting loss of cardiac sympathetic nerve viability. Histopathologic studies, however, indicate that the nerve endings ae morphologically intact. Experiments were therefore designed to determine the mechanism of reduced MIBG accumulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Desipramine, a specific blocker or neuronal norepinephrine reuptake, was used to separate the portions of total myocardial [131I]MIBG accumulation attributable to neuronal and nonneuronal uptake mechanisms. Sixteen dogs underwent circumflex coronary artery occlusion for 60 minutes followed by a 5-hour reperfusion. [131I]MIBG was injected intravenously 1 hour after reperfusion. The left ventricle was removed and incubated in triphenyltetrazolium chloride to identify infarcted and viable myocardium within the zone at risk. Preliminary studies in sham-operated dogs showed that pretreatment with desipramine (5 mg/kg) reduced [131I]MIBG accumulation 4 hours after injection to 38.9% of untreated controls. Chemical sympathectomy by topical phenol resulted in a similar decrease in [131I]MIBG accumulation (to 45.7% of normal), and desipramine did not produce further inhibition of [131I]MIBG accumulation over that produced by phenol alone, indicating that the inhibitory effect of desipramine on neuronal accumulation of [131I]MIBG was essentially complete. In dogs undergoing ischemia-reperfusion, myocardial samples from infarcted and viable postischemic areas showed 64.5% +/- 11.85 and 84.7% +/- 9.1% of normal [131I]MIBG activity, respectively (both, p <0.01 vs normal area, n = 9). With desipramine pretreatment (n = 7), accumulation of [131I]MIBG decreased in all areas. Neuronal accumulation was reduced uniformly in infarcted, viable postischemic, and normal areas by 30% to 35% compared with sham-operated controls. In contrast, nonneuronal accumulation was only 39.3% in infarcted areas and 84.6% in viable postischemic areas compared with normal areas, and these decreases accounted entirely for the reduced total [131I]MIBG accumulation. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced [131I]MIBG accumulation in infarcted myocardium after 60 minutes of ischemia and 5 hours of reperfusion is attributable to a deficit in nonneuronal accumulation and not to decreased accumulation by sympathetic nerves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume4
Issue number1 Pt 1
StatePublished - Jan 1997

Fingerprint

3-Iodobenzylguanidine
Reperfusion
Ischemia
Dogs
Desipramine
Myocardium
Phenol
Norepinephrine
Chemical Sympathectomy
Myocardial Reperfusion
Nerve Endings
Coronary Occlusion
Heart Ventricles
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Vessels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Cardiac sympathetic nerve function assessed by [131I]metaiodobenzylguanidine after ischemia and reperfusion in anesthetized dogs. / Takatsu, H.; Duncker, C. M.; Arai, M.; Becker, L. C.

In: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology, Vol. 4, No. 1 Pt 1, 01.1997, p. 35-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e100fbf397024825ba7251c19f95a07d,
title = "Cardiac sympathetic nerve function assessed by [131I]metaiodobenzylguanidine after ischemia and reperfusion in anesthetized dogs.",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Accumulation of 131I-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine ([131I]MIBG), a radiolabeled norepinephrine analog, is reduced in infarcted myocardium, suggesting loss of cardiac sympathetic nerve viability. Histopathologic studies, however, indicate that the nerve endings ae morphologically intact. Experiments were therefore designed to determine the mechanism of reduced MIBG accumulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Desipramine, a specific blocker or neuronal norepinephrine reuptake, was used to separate the portions of total myocardial [131I]MIBG accumulation attributable to neuronal and nonneuronal uptake mechanisms. Sixteen dogs underwent circumflex coronary artery occlusion for 60 minutes followed by a 5-hour reperfusion. [131I]MIBG was injected intravenously 1 hour after reperfusion. The left ventricle was removed and incubated in triphenyltetrazolium chloride to identify infarcted and viable myocardium within the zone at risk. Preliminary studies in sham-operated dogs showed that pretreatment with desipramine (5 mg/kg) reduced [131I]MIBG accumulation 4 hours after injection to 38.9{\%} of untreated controls. Chemical sympathectomy by topical phenol resulted in a similar decrease in [131I]MIBG accumulation (to 45.7{\%} of normal), and desipramine did not produce further inhibition of [131I]MIBG accumulation over that produced by phenol alone, indicating that the inhibitory effect of desipramine on neuronal accumulation of [131I]MIBG was essentially complete. In dogs undergoing ischemia-reperfusion, myocardial samples from infarcted and viable postischemic areas showed 64.5{\%} +/- 11.85 and 84.7{\%} +/- 9.1{\%} of normal [131I]MIBG activity, respectively (both, p <0.01 vs normal area, n = 9). With desipramine pretreatment (n = 7), accumulation of [131I]MIBG decreased in all areas. Neuronal accumulation was reduced uniformly in infarcted, viable postischemic, and normal areas by 30{\%} to 35{\%} compared with sham-operated controls. In contrast, nonneuronal accumulation was only 39.3{\%} in infarcted areas and 84.6{\%} in viable postischemic areas compared with normal areas, and these decreases accounted entirely for the reduced total [131I]MIBG accumulation. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced [131I]MIBG accumulation in infarcted myocardium after 60 minutes of ischemia and 5 hours of reperfusion is attributable to a deficit in nonneuronal accumulation and not to decreased accumulation by sympathetic nerves.",
author = "H. Takatsu and Duncker, {C. M.} and M. Arai and Becker, {L. C.}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4",
pages = "35--41",
journal = "Journal of Nuclear Cardiology",
issn = "1071-3581",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1 Pt 1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiac sympathetic nerve function assessed by [131I]metaiodobenzylguanidine after ischemia and reperfusion in anesthetized dogs.

AU - Takatsu, H.

AU - Duncker, C. M.

AU - Arai, M.

AU - Becker, L. C.

PY - 1997/1

Y1 - 1997/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Accumulation of 131I-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine ([131I]MIBG), a radiolabeled norepinephrine analog, is reduced in infarcted myocardium, suggesting loss of cardiac sympathetic nerve viability. Histopathologic studies, however, indicate that the nerve endings ae morphologically intact. Experiments were therefore designed to determine the mechanism of reduced MIBG accumulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Desipramine, a specific blocker or neuronal norepinephrine reuptake, was used to separate the portions of total myocardial [131I]MIBG accumulation attributable to neuronal and nonneuronal uptake mechanisms. Sixteen dogs underwent circumflex coronary artery occlusion for 60 minutes followed by a 5-hour reperfusion. [131I]MIBG was injected intravenously 1 hour after reperfusion. The left ventricle was removed and incubated in triphenyltetrazolium chloride to identify infarcted and viable myocardium within the zone at risk. Preliminary studies in sham-operated dogs showed that pretreatment with desipramine (5 mg/kg) reduced [131I]MIBG accumulation 4 hours after injection to 38.9% of untreated controls. Chemical sympathectomy by topical phenol resulted in a similar decrease in [131I]MIBG accumulation (to 45.7% of normal), and desipramine did not produce further inhibition of [131I]MIBG accumulation over that produced by phenol alone, indicating that the inhibitory effect of desipramine on neuronal accumulation of [131I]MIBG was essentially complete. In dogs undergoing ischemia-reperfusion, myocardial samples from infarcted and viable postischemic areas showed 64.5% +/- 11.85 and 84.7% +/- 9.1% of normal [131I]MIBG activity, respectively (both, p <0.01 vs normal area, n = 9). With desipramine pretreatment (n = 7), accumulation of [131I]MIBG decreased in all areas. Neuronal accumulation was reduced uniformly in infarcted, viable postischemic, and normal areas by 30% to 35% compared with sham-operated controls. In contrast, nonneuronal accumulation was only 39.3% in infarcted areas and 84.6% in viable postischemic areas compared with normal areas, and these decreases accounted entirely for the reduced total [131I]MIBG accumulation. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced [131I]MIBG accumulation in infarcted myocardium after 60 minutes of ischemia and 5 hours of reperfusion is attributable to a deficit in nonneuronal accumulation and not to decreased accumulation by sympathetic nerves.

AB - BACKGROUND: Accumulation of 131I-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine ([131I]MIBG), a radiolabeled norepinephrine analog, is reduced in infarcted myocardium, suggesting loss of cardiac sympathetic nerve viability. Histopathologic studies, however, indicate that the nerve endings ae morphologically intact. Experiments were therefore designed to determine the mechanism of reduced MIBG accumulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Desipramine, a specific blocker or neuronal norepinephrine reuptake, was used to separate the portions of total myocardial [131I]MIBG accumulation attributable to neuronal and nonneuronal uptake mechanisms. Sixteen dogs underwent circumflex coronary artery occlusion for 60 minutes followed by a 5-hour reperfusion. [131I]MIBG was injected intravenously 1 hour after reperfusion. The left ventricle was removed and incubated in triphenyltetrazolium chloride to identify infarcted and viable myocardium within the zone at risk. Preliminary studies in sham-operated dogs showed that pretreatment with desipramine (5 mg/kg) reduced [131I]MIBG accumulation 4 hours after injection to 38.9% of untreated controls. Chemical sympathectomy by topical phenol resulted in a similar decrease in [131I]MIBG accumulation (to 45.7% of normal), and desipramine did not produce further inhibition of [131I]MIBG accumulation over that produced by phenol alone, indicating that the inhibitory effect of desipramine on neuronal accumulation of [131I]MIBG was essentially complete. In dogs undergoing ischemia-reperfusion, myocardial samples from infarcted and viable postischemic areas showed 64.5% +/- 11.85 and 84.7% +/- 9.1% of normal [131I]MIBG activity, respectively (both, p <0.01 vs normal area, n = 9). With desipramine pretreatment (n = 7), accumulation of [131I]MIBG decreased in all areas. Neuronal accumulation was reduced uniformly in infarcted, viable postischemic, and normal areas by 30% to 35% compared with sham-operated controls. In contrast, nonneuronal accumulation was only 39.3% in infarcted areas and 84.6% in viable postischemic areas compared with normal areas, and these decreases accounted entirely for the reduced total [131I]MIBG accumulation. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced [131I]MIBG accumulation in infarcted myocardium after 60 minutes of ischemia and 5 hours of reperfusion is attributable to a deficit in nonneuronal accumulation and not to decreased accumulation by sympathetic nerves.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030641353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030641353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9138838

VL - 4

SP - 35

EP - 41

JO - Journal of Nuclear Cardiology

JF - Journal of Nuclear Cardiology

SN - 1071-3581

IS - 1 Pt 1

ER -