Cardiac metabolomics and autopsy in a patient with early diffuse systemic sclerosis presenting with dyspnea: A case report

Tracy M. Frech, Monica P. Revelo, John J. Ryan, Ami Shah, Jessica Gordon, Robyn Domsic, Faye Hant, Shervin Assassi, Victoria K. Shanmugam, Monique Hinchcliff, Virginia Steen, Dinesh Khanna, Elana J. Bernstein, James Cox, Nick Luem, Stavros Drakos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Diffuse systemic sclerosis is associated with high mortality; however, the pathogenesis of cardiac death in these patients is not clear. Case presentation: A 56-year-old Caucasian female patient presented with dyspnea and requested to donate her body to science in order to improve understanding of diffuse systemic sclerosis pathogenesis. She had extensive testing for dyspnea including pulmonary function tests, an echocardiogram, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and right heart catheterization to characterize her condition. Her case highlights the morbidity seen in this disease, including the presence of extensive skin thickening, digital ulcerations, and scleroderma renal crisis. Conclusion: In this case report, we present the finding of cardiac tissue metabolomics, which may indicate a problem with vasodilation as a contributor to cardiac death in diffuse systemic sclerosis. The use of autopsy and tissue metabolomics in rare disease may help clarify disease pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number136
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2015

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Diffuse Scleroderma
Metabolomics
Dyspnea
Autopsy
Respiratory Function Tests
Cardiac Catheterization
Rare Diseases
Vasodilation
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Morbidity
Kidney
Skin
Mortality

Keywords

  • Autopsy
  • Metabolomics
  • Scleroderma
  • Systemic sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Cardiac metabolomics and autopsy in a patient with early diffuse systemic sclerosis presenting with dyspnea : A case report. / Frech, Tracy M.; Revelo, Monica P.; Ryan, John J.; Shah, Ami; Gordon, Jessica; Domsic, Robyn; Hant, Faye; Assassi, Shervin; Shanmugam, Victoria K.; Hinchcliff, Monique; Steen, Virginia; Khanna, Dinesh; Bernstein, Elana J.; Cox, James; Luem, Nick; Drakos, Stavros.

In: Journal of Medical Case Reports, Vol. 9, No. 1, 136, 10.06.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Frech, TM, Revelo, MP, Ryan, JJ, Shah, A, Gordon, J, Domsic, R, Hant, F, Assassi, S, Shanmugam, VK, Hinchcliff, M, Steen, V, Khanna, D, Bernstein, EJ, Cox, J, Luem, N & Drakos, S 2015, 'Cardiac metabolomics and autopsy in a patient with early diffuse systemic sclerosis presenting with dyspnea: A case report', Journal of Medical Case Reports, vol. 9, no. 1, 136. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13256-015-0587-7
Frech, Tracy M. ; Revelo, Monica P. ; Ryan, John J. ; Shah, Ami ; Gordon, Jessica ; Domsic, Robyn ; Hant, Faye ; Assassi, Shervin ; Shanmugam, Victoria K. ; Hinchcliff, Monique ; Steen, Virginia ; Khanna, Dinesh ; Bernstein, Elana J. ; Cox, James ; Luem, Nick ; Drakos, Stavros. / Cardiac metabolomics and autopsy in a patient with early diffuse systemic sclerosis presenting with dyspnea : A case report. In: Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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