Cardiac interventions under MRI guidance using robotic assistance

Ming Li, Ankur Kapoor, Dumitru Mazilu, Bradford Wood, Keith A. Horvath

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Transapical aortic valve replacement under MRI guidance in a beating heart is a recent minimally invasive technique that could benefit from a surgical assistant system. We present a robotic surgical assistant system that can precisely and repeatably deliver aortic valve prostheses. The surgical system consists of an imaging system, an Innomotion robotic arm, a 3-DoF valve delivery module and user interfaces. Interactive control allows the physician to remain in the loop and adjust the orientation and position using real-time MR feedback. The 3-DoF valve delivery module is developed to deploy both balloon-expandable and self-expanding stented prostheses. We use a new compact fiducial that can be placed close to the volume of interest and requires a single image plane for image based robot registration. We evaluate the MRI compatible valve delivery module for both types of prostheses. The accuracy for prosthesis delivery is about 0:8 mm and 1:5 mm, for self-expanding and balloon-expandable prostheses, respectively. Preliminary results in ex-vivo experimentation suggest that the robotic system can be translated into animal and clinical models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2010 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2010
Pages2574-2579
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 26 2010
Event2010 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2010 - Anchorage, AK, United States
Duration: May 3 2010May 7 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
ISSN (Print)1050-4729

Other

Other2010 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2010
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAnchorage, AK
Period5/3/105/7/10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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