Only recently have the cardiac actions of parathyroid hormone and its N-terminal (1-34) fragment (bPTH(1-34)) been examined. Parathyroid hormone was found to exert a positive chronotropic effect on the heart tissue of several mammals and one amphibian in vivo and/or in vitr. The purpose of the present study was to examine in vitro the heart tissue of several lower vertebrates, particularly aquatic vertebrates, for responsiveness to bPTH(1-34) and, for comparative purposes, isoproterenol. Heart tissue (atrium or the entire heart) from all the animals studied (trout, mudpuppy, bullfrog tadpole, and adult bullfrog) responded to isoproterenol in a dose-dependent fashion with increased heart rate and contractile force. Only the atria from the adult bullfrog, however, responded in a similar manner to the administration of bPTH(1-34). In all cases propranalol (10-6 M) was able to block both chronotropic and inotropic effects of isoproterenol but had no effect on the cardiac stimulation induced by bPTH(1-34) in the adult bullfrog atrium. The data suggests that cardiac responsiveness to bPTH(1-34) is associated with a terrestrial as opposed to an aquatic existence.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology