Retinoic acid (RA)-resistant cell lines are highly malignant. To inhibit the growth of the HA-resistant cells we used 4-HPR, a synthetic retinoid, which may act through alternative signal transduction pathways. 4-HPR induced cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in all RA-sensitive as well as -resistant cells, demonstrating a wider spectrum of potency over RA. 4-HPR induced tissue TGase activity. A tight correlation between the induction of tissue TGase, the inhibition of cell growth, and apoptosis was evident in all eight RA-sensitive cell lines. However, basal TGase differed in the different cells, suggesting inducibility rather than basal levels as the relevant parameter. In sharp contrast to the RA-sensitive cells, RA-resistant cells showed sporadic response to 4-HPR for tissue TGase. The wider spectrum of activity of 4-HPR in inhibiting cell growth and inducing apoptosis makes it a good candidate for the treatment of RA-resistant cancer cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jan 27 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology