Carcinogenicity of the Antischistosomal Nitrofuran trans-5-Amino-3-[2-(5-nitro-2-furyl)vinyl]-1, 2, 4-oxadiazole

Harold A. Dunsford, C. Hans Keysser, Patrick M. Dolan, John L. Seed, Ernest Bueding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The antischistosomal and antitrypanosomal drug trans-5-amino-3-[2-(5-nitro-2-furyl)vinyl]-1, 2, 4-oxadiazole [(SQ18506) CAS: 28754-68-9; (E)-amino-3-(2-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-vinyl)-1, 2, 4-oxadiazole] was carcinogenic for both male and female CD-1 mice when it was administered either in the diet or by gastric intubation. Dose-dependent increases in tumors of the forestomach and lymphatic tissues were observed in all groups receiving SQ18506 including mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni. The predominant tumor observed was squamous cell carcinoma of the forestomach. The presence or absence of schistosome infection did not appear to alter the incidence or distribution of tumors at comparable doses of SQ18506. The incidence of bladder tumors was positively correlated with the dose in gastric intubation studies and inversely correlated with the dose in dietary studies. The carcinogen N-[4-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-2-thiazolyl]formamide (CAS: 24554-26-5) was fed to male and female CD-1 mice in the diet as a positive control. The predominant tumor observed in these groups was transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. These data indicate that SQ18506 is unsuitable for use in the treatment of parasitic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-160
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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