Mouse monoclonal antibodies which specifically recognize human granulocytes are used to study the classification, differentiation, and function of these cells. Mouse monoclonal antibody WEM-G1 specifically binds to human neutrophils and eosinophils. It also affects granulocyte function by stimulating granulocyte-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. Biochemical studies presented here show that WEM-G1 recognizes the sugar sequence 3-fucosyllactosamine, Galβ1-4[Fucα1-3]GlcNAc. This sequence is present in granulocyte glycolipids and in glycoproteins of average approximate Mr 165,000 and 105,000. WEM-G1 is thus similar to other monoclonal antibodies that recognize this sequence on granulocytes and various other cells. Some of these 3-fucosyllactosamine-specific antibodies affect several other granulocyte functions. Knowledge of the biochemical structure of the WEM-G1 antigen suggested testing granulocyte function with other monoclonal antibodies of similar specificity. Antibodies recognizing both the identical oligosaccharide structure and a related sequence, Galβ1-4GlcNAc-R, were also found to stimulate granulocyte-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology