Carbohydrate intake exhibited a positive association with the risk of metabolic syndrome in both semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour recall in women

Jaeouk Ahn, Nam Soo Kim, Byung Kook Lee, Sunmin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We compared the usual nutrient intake in both the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQFFQ) and 24-hour recall methods and determined the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk and nutrient intake calculated by both methods in Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES; 2012-2014) data. Adjusted odds ratios for MetS were calculated according to the intake of macronutrients, measured by the 2 methods in 10,286 adults, while controlling for covariates associated with MetS. Fat and carbohydrate intake (energy percent) calculated by 24-hour recall and SQFFQ was significantly different between the MetS and non-MetS groups, particularly in women. The differences in other nutrient intakes determined by both methods were mainly non-significant. The correlation coefficients between the 2 methods were about 0.4 for most nutrients except total vitamin A and iron (Fe). Energy intake according to gender and MetS presence was similar between the 2 methods. Carbohydrate intake exhibited a positive association with the MetS risk, while fat intake showed a negative association in both methods. The association exhibited a gender interaction with carbohydrate and fat intake calculated by 24-hour recall: women exhibited a significant association. However, for the SQFFQ a gender interaction was evident only for carbohydrate intake. In diet quality index of SQFFQ the adequacy of vegetables and total fat intake was higher in the non-MetS than the MetS. In conclusion, the MetS prevalence exhibited a positive association with carbohydrate intake only in women, as assessed by 24-hour recall and SQFFQ. The SQFFQ can be used to assess the association between usual food intake and MetS risk in large population studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1474-1483
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Carbohydrates
Food
Fats
Energy Intake
Surveys and Questionnaires
Nutrition Surveys
Korea
Vitamin A
Vegetables
Iron
Eating
Odds Ratio
Diet
Population

Keywords

  • 24-hour recall
  • Carbohydrate intake
  • Fat intake
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Carbohydrate intake exhibited a positive association with the risk of metabolic syndrome in both semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour recall in women. / Ahn, Jaeouk; Kim, Nam Soo; Lee, Byung Kook; Park, Sunmin.

In: Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol. 32, No. 9, 01.09.2017, p. 1474-1483.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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