Canonical pathways, networks and transcriptional factor regulation by clinical strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells

Nontobeko E. Mvubu, Balakrishna Pillay, Junaid Gamieldien, William Bishai, Manormoney Pillay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Summary Limited knowledge exists on pathways, networks and transcriptional factors regulated within epithelial cells by diverse Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes. This study aimed to elucidate these mechanisms induced in A549 epithelial cells by dominant clinical strains in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. RNA for sequencing was extracted from epithelial cells at 48 h post-infection with 5 strains at a multiplicity of infection of approximately 10:1. Bioinformatics analysis performed with the RNA-Seq Tuxedo pipeline identified differentially expressed genes. Changes in pathways, networks and transcriptional factors were identified using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA). The interferon signalling and hepatic fibrosis/hepatic stellate cell activation pathways were among the top 5 canonical pathways in all strains. Hierarchical clustering for enrichment of cholesterol biosynthesis and immune associated pathways revealed similar patterns for Beijing and Unique; F15/LAM4/KZN and F11; and, F28 and H37Rv strains, respectively. However, the induction of top scoring networks varied among the strains. Among the transcriptional factors, only EHL, IRF7, PML, STAT1, STAT2 and VDR were induced by all clinical strains. Activation of the different pathways, networks and transcriptional factors revealed in the current study may be an underlying mechanism that results in the differential host response by clinical strains of M. tuberculosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-85
Number of pages13
JournalTuberculosis
Volume97
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Canonical pathways
  • Epithelial cells
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Networks
  • RNA sequencing
  • Transcriptional factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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