Cancer screening behaviors among Korean-American women

H. S. Juon, Y. Choi, M. T. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The goals of this study were to evaluate breast and cervical cancer screening tests and to examine the correlates of cancer screening behaviors. A cross-sectional face-to-face survey of 438 Korean-American women residing in Maryland was conducted. About 50% of women age 18 and older had had a Pap smear and 46.6% of these women age 40 and older had had a mammogram in the past 2 years. In multiple logistic regression analyses, the strongest correlate of screening behaviors was having a regular medical checkup. Age and acculturation were found to be important correlates of cancer screening tests: Women less than 50 years of age were more likely to have cancer screening tests than those 50 years and older. English language proficiency was associated with having a mammogram and the proportion of life spent in the United States was associated with having a Pap smear. Employment interacted with marital status for a Pap smear, with those married and unemployed being less likely to have a Pap smear than women who were both married and employed. For strategies to increase cancer-screening tests among Korean-American women, we need to aim at developing culturally appropriate educational programs about cancer for less acculturated and recent immigrants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-601
Number of pages13
JournalCancer detection and prevention
Volume24
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

Keywords

  • Access to health care
  • Acculturation
  • Korean
  • Mammography
  • Pap smear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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