Cancer proteomics: Serum diagnostics for tumor marker discovery

Alex J. Rai, Daniel W. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cancer proteomics is an exciting field that is witnessing many new developments in recent years. It is hoped that these advances will result in decreased cancer death rates, which have not declined dramatically in the last several decades. Some of the problems with current tumor markers include the lack of sensitivity and specificity, factors that prevent their use in population-based screening of disease. Thus, there is an urgent need to identify novel biomarkers that can faithfully detect the disease state. As we are now in the post-genome era, many opportunities have been created. Genomic sequence data are available for human, as well as several other species. We are now poised to mine these data and to determine the functions of the encoded proteins constituting the human genome. Proteomics affords this opportunity by providing enhanced procedures and tools for discovery and also a framework for understanding these components in terms of pathogenesis. New technologies and improvements in existing methodologies will allow for the rapid growth in the identification and characterization of peptides and proteins that are unique to various clinical states. This technology can be successfully applied to clinical specimens for the identification of new tumor markers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-294
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume1022
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Cancer proteomics
  • Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (SELDI-TOF) mass spectrometry
  • Tumor markers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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