Screening procedures and recommendations for early detection of cervical and breast cancer are reviewed with special reference to suggested guidelines for screening among the elderly. Data on preventive practices related to cancer detection were obtained from 675 women in Maryland by telephone interviews. The elderly (65 years of age and older) reported fewer detection tests of any type; specifically, 23% report never having had a Pap test and an additional 28% have not had one within 5 years, compared with women under the age of 65, where 98% report having had a Pap test and 79% have had one within the past two years. Elderly women were also less likely than younger women to report receiving routine breast examinations by their physicians, to perform BSE, or to have been taught BSE by a health professional. Type of provider utilized, having a personal physician, and going to a gynecologist account for a significant proportion of the variance in screening practices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health