Cancer prevention and screening activities reported by African-American nurses.

S. J. Olsen, M. Frank-Stromborg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe the cancer prevention and screening activities of African-American nurses prior to their participation in a national workshop on cancer prevention and screening. The hypothesis tested was that African-American nurses would describe few prevention and screening behaviors. DESIGN: 18-month, longitudinal, descriptive study. SETTING: National survey. SAMPLE: 360 African-American nurses who applied for participation in a National Cancer Institute/Oncology Nursing Society workshop received study questionnaires. One hundred forty-six questionnaires were returned. The final sample was 64 nurses citing involvement in prevention/screening activities. METHODS: Self-administered quantitative/qualitative questionnaire mailed to nurses two weeks prior to the workshop. Quantitative data analyzed using descriptive statistics; a clustering technique was used to categorize responses emerging from qualitative data. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLE: Cancer prevention and screening activities of African-American nurses six months prior to the workshop. FINDINGS: Respondents reported involvement in 11 categories (618 prevention/screening activities), predominantly in those of life-style (86%), education (77%), and clinical screening (58%). Respondents practiced 64% of the activities on a voluntary basis. Respondents provided prevention/screening education to more than 8,900 community members. CONCLUSION: African-American nurses favorably influence cancer prevention and screening beliefs and practices of clients in their communities. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: A survey approach can describe cancer prevention/screening behaviors of African-American nurses. These nurses are an effective resource for community education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-494
Number of pages8
JournalOncology nursing forum
Volume21
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1 1994

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology(nursing)

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