Can inexpensive signs encourage the use of stairs? Results from a community intervention

Ross E. Andersen, Shawn C. Franckowiak, Julia Snyder, Susan J. Bartlett, Kevin R. Fontaine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The U.S. Surgeon General advocates the accumulation of moderate-intensity activity throughout the day to improve health. Objective: To test the effectiveness of signs to encourage use of stairs instead of escalators. Design: Community intervention. Setting: Shopping center. Participants: 17 901 shoppers. Intervention: Signs promoting the health and weight-control benefits of stair use were placed beside escalators with adjacent stairs. Measurements: The sex, age, race, weight classification, and use of stairs were observed. Results: Overall, stair use increased from 4.8% to 6.9% and 7.2% with the health and weight-control signs, respectively. Younger persons increased their stair use from 4.6% to 6.0% with the health sign and 6.1% with the weight-control sign. Older persons almost doubled their stair use from 5.1% to 8.1% with the health sign and increased use to 8.7% with the weight-control sign. Differential use of stairs was observed between ethnic groups. Among white persons, stair use increased from 5.1% to 7.5% and 7.8% with the health and weight-control signs, respectively. Among black persons, stair use decreased from 4.1% to 3.4% with the health sign and increased to 5.0% with the weight-control sign. At baseline, lean persons used the stairs more often than overweight persons (5.4% and 3.8%, respectively). The health sign increased stair use to 7.2% among normal- weight persons and 6.3% among overweight persons; the weight-control sign prompted stair use to increase to 6.9% among persons of normal weight and to 7.8% among overweight persons. Conclusions: Simple, inexpensive interventions can increase physical activity. Research is needed to identify effective motivators to promote activity among black persons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-369
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Internal Medicine
Volume129
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 1998

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Weights and Measures
Health
Elevators and Escalators
Ethnic Groups
Exercise
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Andersen, R. E., Franckowiak, S. C., Snyder, J., Bartlett, S. J., & Fontaine, K. R. (1998). Can inexpensive signs encourage the use of stairs? Results from a community intervention. Annals of Internal Medicine, 129(5), 363-369.

Can inexpensive signs encourage the use of stairs? Results from a community intervention. / Andersen, Ross E.; Franckowiak, Shawn C.; Snyder, Julia; Bartlett, Susan J.; Fontaine, Kevin R.

In: Annals of Internal Medicine, Vol. 129, No. 5, 01.09.1998, p. 363-369.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Andersen, RE, Franckowiak, SC, Snyder, J, Bartlett, SJ & Fontaine, KR 1998, 'Can inexpensive signs encourage the use of stairs? Results from a community intervention', Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 129, no. 5, pp. 363-369.
Andersen RE, Franckowiak SC, Snyder J, Bartlett SJ, Fontaine KR. Can inexpensive signs encourage the use of stairs? Results from a community intervention. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1998 Sep 1;129(5):363-369.
Andersen, Ross E. ; Franckowiak, Shawn C. ; Snyder, Julia ; Bartlett, Susan J. ; Fontaine, Kevin R. / Can inexpensive signs encourage the use of stairs? Results from a community intervention. In: Annals of Internal Medicine. 1998 ; Vol. 129, No. 5. pp. 363-369.
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