Can individuals meet multiple physical activity and dietary behavior goals?

Deborah Rohm Young, William M. Vollmer, Abby C. King, Ann J. Brown, Victor J. Stevens, Patricia J. Elmer, Shirley Craddick, Dana L. Sturtevant, David W. Harsha, Lawrence J. Appel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To examine whether participants with the most behavioral goals to achieve were more likely to meet more goals than those given fewer goals. Methods: Eight hundred ten participants were randomly assigned to advice- only, established guidelines for blood pressure control (reduced sodium, increased physical activity), or established guidelines plus the DASH diet (increased fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy, reduced fat). Results: At 6 months, 11.7% of Advice-Only, 19.3% of Established, and 44.6% of Established plus DASH met at least 3 goals (P<0.0001). At 18 months, 33.5% of Established plus DASH met at least 3 goals. Conclusions: Those with the most goals to achieve reached the most goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-286
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • DASH dietary pattern
  • Health behaviors
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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