Camphor

Who needs it?

S. Segal, S. N. Cohen, J. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Camphor is a pleasant smelling cyclic ketone of the hydroaromatic terpene group. Its history dates to ancient Chinese medicine. Originally obtained by distillation of bark chips from the camphor tree Cinnamonum camphora, it is now produced synthetically. Camphor is an ingredient of a number of the over-the-counter remedies, particularly camphorated oil (20% camphor in cottonseed oil), spirits of camphor (10% camphor in alcohol), and many liniments, and is a component of paregoric (camphorated tincture of opium). Camphor is classified as a class IV chemical, i.e., very toxic substance, with a probable human lethal dose of 50 to 500 mg/kg. The ingestion of 2 gm generally produces dangerous effects in an adult, although 42 gm (1.5 oz) have been ingested with recovery, and 0.7 to 1.0 gm (1 tsp camphorated oil) has proven fatal in children. Although accidental oral ingestion is the most common route of intoxication, significant quantities can be absorbed percutaneously and via inhalation. Transplacental transfer may be toxic to the fetus. Camphorated oil, in particular, is the worst offender in accidental ingestions, because it is mistaken for a variety of over-the-counter products and is also accidentally ingested by toddlers. As long as camphor containing products continue to be marketed, pediatricians should warn parents of the dangers of camphor containing products in the home, especially camphorated oil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-405
Number of pages2
JournalPediatrics
Volume62
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Camphor
Oils
Eating
Poisons
Liniments
Cinnamomum camphora
Opium
Cottonseed Oil
Distillation
Lethal Dose 50
Terpenes
Ketones
Inhalation
Fetus
Parents
History
Alcohols
Medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Segal, S., Cohen, S. N., & Freeman, J. (1978). Camphor: Who needs it? Pediatrics, 62(3), 404-405.

Camphor : Who needs it? / Segal, S.; Cohen, S. N.; Freeman, J.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 62, No. 3, 1978, p. 404-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Segal, S, Cohen, SN & Freeman, J 1978, 'Camphor: Who needs it?', Pediatrics, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 404-405.
Segal S, Cohen SN, Freeman J. Camphor: Who needs it? Pediatrics. 1978;62(3):404-405.
Segal, S. ; Cohen, S. N. ; Freeman, J. / Camphor : Who needs it?. In: Pediatrics. 1978 ; Vol. 62, No. 3. pp. 404-405.
@article{fb5d0b7c2b6b40e7a22c83d00146c050,
title = "Camphor: Who needs it?",
abstract = "Camphor is a pleasant smelling cyclic ketone of the hydroaromatic terpene group. Its history dates to ancient Chinese medicine. Originally obtained by distillation of bark chips from the camphor tree Cinnamonum camphora, it is now produced synthetically. Camphor is an ingredient of a number of the over-the-counter remedies, particularly camphorated oil (20{\%} camphor in cottonseed oil), spirits of camphor (10{\%} camphor in alcohol), and many liniments, and is a component of paregoric (camphorated tincture of opium). Camphor is classified as a class IV chemical, i.e., very toxic substance, with a probable human lethal dose of 50 to 500 mg/kg. The ingestion of 2 gm generally produces dangerous effects in an adult, although 42 gm (1.5 oz) have been ingested with recovery, and 0.7 to 1.0 gm (1 tsp camphorated oil) has proven fatal in children. Although accidental oral ingestion is the most common route of intoxication, significant quantities can be absorbed percutaneously and via inhalation. Transplacental transfer may be toxic to the fetus. Camphorated oil, in particular, is the worst offender in accidental ingestions, because it is mistaken for a variety of over-the-counter products and is also accidentally ingested by toddlers. As long as camphor containing products continue to be marketed, pediatricians should warn parents of the dangers of camphor containing products in the home, especially camphorated oil.",
author = "S. Segal and Cohen, {S. N.} and J. Freeman",
year = "1978",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "62",
pages = "404--405",
journal = "Pediatrics",
issn = "0031-4005",
publisher = "American Academy of Pediatrics",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Camphor

T2 - Who needs it?

AU - Segal, S.

AU - Cohen, S. N.

AU - Freeman, J.

PY - 1978

Y1 - 1978

N2 - Camphor is a pleasant smelling cyclic ketone of the hydroaromatic terpene group. Its history dates to ancient Chinese medicine. Originally obtained by distillation of bark chips from the camphor tree Cinnamonum camphora, it is now produced synthetically. Camphor is an ingredient of a number of the over-the-counter remedies, particularly camphorated oil (20% camphor in cottonseed oil), spirits of camphor (10% camphor in alcohol), and many liniments, and is a component of paregoric (camphorated tincture of opium). Camphor is classified as a class IV chemical, i.e., very toxic substance, with a probable human lethal dose of 50 to 500 mg/kg. The ingestion of 2 gm generally produces dangerous effects in an adult, although 42 gm (1.5 oz) have been ingested with recovery, and 0.7 to 1.0 gm (1 tsp camphorated oil) has proven fatal in children. Although accidental oral ingestion is the most common route of intoxication, significant quantities can be absorbed percutaneously and via inhalation. Transplacental transfer may be toxic to the fetus. Camphorated oil, in particular, is the worst offender in accidental ingestions, because it is mistaken for a variety of over-the-counter products and is also accidentally ingested by toddlers. As long as camphor containing products continue to be marketed, pediatricians should warn parents of the dangers of camphor containing products in the home, especially camphorated oil.

AB - Camphor is a pleasant smelling cyclic ketone of the hydroaromatic terpene group. Its history dates to ancient Chinese medicine. Originally obtained by distillation of bark chips from the camphor tree Cinnamonum camphora, it is now produced synthetically. Camphor is an ingredient of a number of the over-the-counter remedies, particularly camphorated oil (20% camphor in cottonseed oil), spirits of camphor (10% camphor in alcohol), and many liniments, and is a component of paregoric (camphorated tincture of opium). Camphor is classified as a class IV chemical, i.e., very toxic substance, with a probable human lethal dose of 50 to 500 mg/kg. The ingestion of 2 gm generally produces dangerous effects in an adult, although 42 gm (1.5 oz) have been ingested with recovery, and 0.7 to 1.0 gm (1 tsp camphorated oil) has proven fatal in children. Although accidental oral ingestion is the most common route of intoxication, significant quantities can be absorbed percutaneously and via inhalation. Transplacental transfer may be toxic to the fetus. Camphorated oil, in particular, is the worst offender in accidental ingestions, because it is mistaken for a variety of over-the-counter products and is also accidentally ingested by toddlers. As long as camphor containing products continue to be marketed, pediatricians should warn parents of the dangers of camphor containing products in the home, especially camphorated oil.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0018079881&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0018079881&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 62

SP - 404

EP - 405

JO - Pediatrics

JF - Pediatrics

SN - 0031-4005

IS - 3

ER -