The heat capacities of the single‐stranded and double‐stranded forms of polyadenylic acid, polyuridylic acid, and poly(uridylic and adenylic acid) were determined with a drop heat capacity calorimeter. In addition, the temperature dependence of the apparent partial heat capacity (ϕCp) was measured with a newly developed differential scanning calorimeter. The calculated ΔCp at 28°C for the transition poly(A)·poly(A) ⇄ 2 poly(A) was found to be 165 ± 24 cal/Kmol‐base pair, compared with a value of 140 ± 28 for the transition poly(A)·poly(U) ⇄ poly(A) + poly(U). The temperature dependence of ϕCp of single‐stranded poly(U) was consistent with the conclusion that it is totally unstacked at temperatures above 15°C. The temperature dependence of ϕCp of single‐stranded poly(A) was used to determine the base‐stacking parameters for poly(A). The experimental results are consistent with a stacking enthalpy change of −8.5 ± 0.1 kcal/mol bases and a cooperativity parameter σ of 0.57 ± 0.03 for the stacking of adenine bases. These results demonstrate that the heat capacity of single‐stranded polynucleotides is greater than that of the double‐stranded forms. This increased heat capacity is mainly the result of the temperature dependence of the base‐stacking interactions in the single‐stranded form.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry