Calorie restriction extends saccharomyces cerevisiae lifespan by increasing respiration

Su Ju Lin, Matt Kaeberlein, Alex A. Andalis, Lori A. Sturtz, Pierre Antoine Defossez, Valeria C. Culotta, Gerald R. Fink, Leonard Guarente

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Abstract

Calorie restriction (CR) extends lifespan in a wide spectrum of organisms and is the only regimen known to lengthen the lifespan of mammals. We established a model of CR in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this system, lifespan can be extended by limiting glucose or by reducing the activity of the glucose-sensing cyclic-AMP-dependent kinase (PKA). Lifespan extension in a mutant with reduced PKA activity requires Sir2 and NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide). In this study we explore how CR activates Sir2 to extend lifespan. Here we show that the shunting of carbon metabolism toward the mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle and the concomitant increase in respiration play a central part in this process. We discuss how this metabolic strategy may apply to CR in animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-348
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume418
Issue number6895
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 2002

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    Lin, S. J., Kaeberlein, M., Andalis, A. A., Sturtz, L. A., Defossez, P. A., Culotta, V. C., Fink, G. R., & Guarente, L. (2002). Calorie restriction extends saccharomyces cerevisiae lifespan by increasing respiration. Nature, 418(6895), 344-348. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature00829