Calcium signaling is critical for activation of T lymphocytes and has been proposed to be transduced through multiple calmodulin target proteins. Whereas the calcineurin-NFAT signaling module is critical for all mammalian T cells, the role of calmodulin-dependent kinase IV (CaMKIV) in mouse naïve CD4 + T-cell activation remains enigmatic. We have applied lentivius-mediated RNA interference of CaMKIV to human T cells and found that knockdown of CaMKIV abrogates T-cell receptor-mediated transcription of the IL-2 gene. We demonstrate that CaMKIV directly phosphorylates Cabin1, a transcriptional corepressor for myocyte enhancer factor 2, creating a docking site for 14-3-3, which causes its nuclear export. CaMKIV-mediated nuclear export of Cabin1 is likely to account for a significant part of the requirement of CaMKIV during human T-cell activation.
- T-cell activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)