Calcium oxalate crystal interaction with renal tubular epithelium, mechanism of crystal adhesion and its impact on stone development

S. R. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The interaction between renal epithelial cells and calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals and/or oxalate ions plays a critical role in the formation of urinary stones. Epithelial cells respond to hyperoxaluria and the presence of CaOx crystals in the kidneys by increased enzymuria and internalization of the crystals. Crystal cell interaction results in movement of crystals from the luminal to the basolateral side between the cells and the basement membrane. Once beneath the epithelium, crystals adhere to the basement membrane and become anchored inside the kidneys. Crystals anchored to basement membrane of the peripheral collecting duct aggregate with other crystals and move through an eroding epithelium to the papillary surface, furnishing an encrustation platform or a nidus for future development of a kidney stone. Thus interaction between renal epithelial cells and CaOx crystals and/or oxalate ions is an essential element in the development of urinary stone disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-79
Number of pages9
JournalUrological Research
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Basement membrane
  • Calcium oxalate
  • Crystallization
  • Hyperoxaluria
  • Kidney stone
  • Nephrolithiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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