Calcium and osmotic regulation of the NA+/H+ exchanger in neonatal ventricular myocytes

Andrea N. Moor, Rakhilya Murtazina, Larry Fliegel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Intracellular pH regulation in primary cultures of neonatal cardiac myocytes has been characterized. Myocytes were exposed to hyperosmolar solutions to examine the effects on pH regulation by the Na+/H+ exchanger. Exposure to 100 mM NaCl, sorbitol, N-methyl-D-glucamine, or choline chloride all caused significant increases in steady state pH(i) in myocytes. Omission of extracellular calcium or administration of calmodulin antagonists reduced the osmotic activation of the exchanger. The myosin light-chain inhibitor ML-7 completely blocked osmotic activation of the exchanger suggesting that myosin light-chain kinase is involved in osmotic activation of the exchanger in the myocardium. The calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II inhibitor KN-93 inhibited the rate of recovery from an acute acid load as did trifluoperazine (TFP) and the calmodulin blocker W7, [N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide]. Addition of the calcium ionophore ionomycin caused a large increase in resting pH(i) in isolated myocytes. However, this effect was largely resistant to HMA (5-(N,N-hexamethylene)-amiloride) indicating that an alternative mechanism of pH(i) regulation is responsible. The results demonstrate that the Na+/H+ exchanger of the neonatal myocardium is responsive to calcium and osmotically responsive pathways and that myosin light-chain kinase is a key protein involved in mediating the osmotic response. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)925-936
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Muscle Cells
Calcium
Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase
Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter
Calmodulin
Myocardium
Trifluoperazine
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2
Myosin Light Chains
Ionomycin
Sorbitol
Calcium Ionophores
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Choline
Cardiac Myocytes
Acids
Proteins
W 7

Keywords

  • Calmodulin
  • Cardiomyocytes
  • Intracellular pH
  • Osmotic stress
  • ph regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Calcium and osmotic regulation of the NA+/H+ exchanger in neonatal ventricular myocytes. / Moor, Andrea N.; Murtazina, Rakhilya; Fliegel, Larry.

In: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, Vol. 32, No. 6, 2000, p. 925-936.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moor, Andrea N. ; Murtazina, Rakhilya ; Fliegel, Larry. / Calcium and osmotic regulation of the NA+/H+ exchanger in neonatal ventricular myocytes. In: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology. 2000 ; Vol. 32, No. 6. pp. 925-936.
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