Cadmium-induced accumulation of metallothionein messenger RNA in rat liver.

S. Ohi, G. Cardenosa, R. Pine, P C Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Multiple injections of nontoxic levels of cadmium to a rat result in much higher level of metallothionein (MT) production in the liver than does the single injection. In order to understand the underlying mechanisms we have quantitated and compared the metallothionein-specific messenger RNA contents in the livers following the two induction regimens. Cell-free translation assays coupled with specific immunoprecipitation of MT revealed that MT-mRNA activity in livers of animals multiply injected with Cd is 7- to 10-fold higher than that in livers 4 h after a single Cd-induction. By oligo(dT)-cellulose chromatography, sucrose density gradient centrifugation, and methylmercuric hydroxide-agarose gel electrophoresis this mRNA has been enriched approximately 100-fold from the total RNA. The size of the mRNA is about 400 nucleotides. Hybridization assays with a complementary DNA probe synthesized against the enriched MT-mRNA showed a 4-fold difference in the level of MT-mRNA between the two induction regimens in agreement with the results obtained by the cell-free translation assays. The possible mechanisms for these observations in consideration of the short lived nature of MT-mRNA are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2180-2184
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume256
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 10 1981
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Metallothionein
Cadmium
Liver
Rats
Messenger RNA
Assays
Injections
Density Gradient Centrifugation
Centrifugation
Agar Gel Electrophoresis
DNA Probes
Chromatography
Electrophoresis
Immunoprecipitation
Sepharose
Sucrose
Animals
Nucleotides
Complementary DNA
Gels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Cadmium-induced accumulation of metallothionein messenger RNA in rat liver. / Ohi, S.; Cardenosa, G.; Pine, R.; Huang, P C.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 256, No. 5, 10.03.1981, p. 2180-2184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ohi, S. ; Cardenosa, G. ; Pine, R. ; Huang, P C. / Cadmium-induced accumulation of metallothionein messenger RNA in rat liver. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1981 ; Vol. 256, No. 5. pp. 2180-2184.
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