Ca2+ modulation of the cGMP‐gated channel of bullfrog retinal rod photoreceptors.

K. Nakatani, Y. Koutalos, K. W. Yau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations


1. The outer segment of an isolated rod photoreceptor from the bullfrog retina was drawn into a pipette containing choline solution for recording membrane current. The rest of the cell was sheared off with a glass probe to allow internal dialysis of the outer segment with a bath potassium solution (‘truncated rod outer segment’ preparation). The potential between the inside and the outside of the pipette was held at 0 mV. 2. Application of bath cGMP, in the presence of 3‐isobutyl‐1‐methylxanthine (IBMX), gave rise to an outward membrane current. At saturating cGMP concentrations, this current was insensitive to intracellular Ca2+ at concentrations between 0 and 10 microM. At subsaturating cGMP concentrations, however, this current was inhibited by intracellular Ca2+. This sensitivity to Ca2+ declined after dialysis with a low‐Ca2+ solution, suggesting the involvement of a soluble factor. 3. At low (nominally 0) Ca2+, the half‐maximal activation constant and Hill coefficient for the activation of the cGMP‐gated current by cGMP were 27 microM and 2.0, respectively. At high (ca 10 microM) Ca2+, the corresponding values were 40 microM cGMP and 2.4. 4. The inhibition of the current by Ca2+ was characterized at 20 microM cGMP. Ca2+ inhibited the current by up to 60%, with half‐maximal inhibition at 48 nM Ca2+ and a Hill coefficient of 1.6.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-76
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


Dive into the research topics of 'Ca2+ modulation of the cGMP‐gated channel of bullfrog retinal rod photoreceptors.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this