C-arm angle measurement with accelerometer for brachytherapy: An accuracy study

Thomas Wolff, Andras Lasso, Markus Eblenkamp, Erich Wintermantel, Gabor Fichtinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: X-ray fluoroscopy guidance is frequently used in medical interventions. Image-guided interventional procedures that employ localization for registration require accurate information about the C-arm's rotation angle that provides the data externally in real time. Optical, electromagnetic, and image-based pose tracking systems have limited convenience and accuracy. An alternative method to recover C-arm orientation was developed using an accelerometer as tilt sensor. Methods: The fluoroscopic C-arm's orientation was estimated using a tri-axial acceleration sensor mounted on the X-ray detector as a tilt sensor. When the C-arm is stationary, the measured acceleration direction corresponds to the gravitational force direction. The accelerometer was calibrated with respect to the C-arm's rotation along its two axes, using a high-accuracy optical tracker as a reference. The scaling and offset error of the sensor was compensated using polynomial fitting. The system was evaluated on a GE OEC 9800 C-arm. Results obtained by accelerometer, built-in sensor, and image-based tracking were compared, using optical tracking as ground truth data. Results: The accelerometer-based orientation measurement error for primary angle rotation was - 0.1 ± 0. 0 ° and for secondary angle rotation it was 0.1 ± 0. 0 °. The built-in sensor orientation measurement error for primary angle rotation was - 0.1 ± 0. 2 °, and for secondary angle rotation it was 0.1 ± 0. 2 °. The image-based orientation measurement error for primary angle rotation was - 0.1 ± 1. 3 °, and for secondary angle rotation it was - 1.3 ± 0. 3 °. Conclusion: The accelerometer provided better results than the built-in sensor and image-based tracking. The accelerometer sensor is small, inexpensive, covers the full rotation range of the C-arm, does not require line of sight, and can be easily installed to any mobile X-ray machine. Therefore, accelerometer tilt sensing is a very promising applicant for orientation angle tracking of C-arm fluoroscopes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-144
Number of pages8
JournalInternational journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Accelerometer
  • Accuracy study
  • Angle measurement
  • Brachytherapy
  • C-arm
  • Tilt sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Health Informatics
  • Surgery

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