Built environment and change in body mass index in older women

Yvonne L. Michael, Rachel Gold, Nancy A Perrin, Teresa A. Hillier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined the association between neighborhood walkability and changes in body mass index (BMI) and obesity during a 14-year follow-up among community-dwelling women 71 years of age on average (n=1008 representing 253 census tracts). Multilevel models predicted change in BMI or incidence of obesity controlling for age, marital status, number of incident comorbidities, self rated health, and death, over a follow-up of 14 years. Among non-sedentary older women, average BMI remained stable (Β=0.007, p=0.291); risk of becoming obese increased 3% per year (odds ratio=1.03, 95% CI 1.01, 1.05). Walkability was not associated with BMI or risk of obesity. Future research should consider additional neighborhood characteristics relevant to older adults, such as proximity to retail, public transit, or parks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-10
Number of pages4
JournalHealth and Place
Volume22
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

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body mass
obesity
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Independent Living
Marital Status
comorbidity
Censuses
marital status
Comorbidity
census
incident
incidence
Odds Ratio
death
built environment
index
woman
Incidence
Health

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Obesity
  • Older adults
  • Walkability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Built environment and change in body mass index in older women. / Michael, Yvonne L.; Gold, Rachel; Perrin, Nancy A; Hillier, Teresa A.

In: Health and Place, Vol. 22, 07.2013, p. 7-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Michael, Yvonne L. ; Gold, Rachel ; Perrin, Nancy A ; Hillier, Teresa A. / Built environment and change in body mass index in older women. In: Health and Place. 2013 ; Vol. 22. pp. 7-10.
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