Building blocks for a clinical imaging informatics environment

Marc D. Kohli, Max Warnock, Mark Daly, Christopher Toland, Chris Meenan, Paul G. Nagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Over the past 20 years, imaging informatics has been driven by the widespread adoption of radiology information and picture archiving and communication and speech recognition systems. These three clinical information systems are commonplace and are intuitive to most radiologists as they replicate familiar paper and film workflow. So what is next? There is a surge of innovation in imaging informatics around advanced workflow, search, electronic medical record aggregation, dashboarding, and analytics tools for quality measures (Nance et al., AJR Am J Roentgenol 200:1064-1070, 2013). The challenge lies in not having to rebuild the technological wheel for each of these new applications but instead attempt to share common components through open standards and modern development techniques. The next generation of applications will be built with moving parts that work together to satisfy advanced use cases without replicating databases and without requiring fragile, intense synchronization from clinical systems. The purpose of this paper is to identify building blocks that can position a practice to be able to quickly innovate when addressing clinical, educational, and research-related problems. This paper is the result of identifying common components in the construction of over two dozen clinical informatics projects developed at the University of Maryland Radiology Informatics Research Laboratory. The systems outlined are intended as a mere foundation rather than an exhaustive list of possible extensions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-181
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Digital Imaging
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

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Keywords

  • DICOM
  • HL7
  • Imaging informatics
  • Informatics
  • Mirth
  • Open-source
  • Software reuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Science Applications

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