Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome: Thin-section CT diagnosis of obstructive changes in infants and young children after lung transplantation

Debra M. Lau, Marilyn J. Siegel, Charles F. Hildebolt, Alan H. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To characterize the thin-section computed tomographic (CT) appearance of bronchiolitis fibrosa obliterans syndrome in infants and young children after lung transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thin-section CT studies in six patients with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (age range, 2 months to 5 1/4 years) and in 15 control patients without obstructive airway disease (age range, 2 months to 7 years) who underwent bilateral lung transplantation were retrospectively reviewed. The thin-section CT scans were obtained during quiet sleep at a median of 24 months (range, 6-36 months) after transplantation. The CT studies were evaluated for mosaic perfusion, bronchial dilatation, bronchial wall thickening, and mucous plugging. Final diagnoses in all patients were based on pulmonary function test results. RESULTS: Thin-section CT findings in the six patients with clinically proved bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome were mosaic perfusion in five (83%), bronchial dilatation in three (50%), and bronchial wall thickening in one (17%). Of the 15 control patients with normal pulmonary function test results, six (40%) had mosaic perfusion; none had bronchial dilatation or bronchial wall thickening. Mucous plugging was not seen in either group. Only the association of bronchial dilatation with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome was significant (P = .02). CONCLUSION: Infants and young children with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after lung transplantation are more likely to have CT abnormalities than those with normal pulmonary function test results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)783-788
Number of pages6
JournalRadiology
Volume208
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bronchi CT
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans
  • Lung, transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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