Brodifacoum-contaminated synthetic marijuana: clinical and radiologic manifestations of a public health outbreak causing life-threatening coagulopathy

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Abstract

Synthetic marijuana is a dangerous substance due to its potency, ever-changing composition, and unpredictable side effects. Recently, brodifacoum-contaminated synthetic marijuana has led to multiple deaths and morbidity throughout the USA from severe coagulopathy associated with use of this strain of the drug (brodifacoum is a rodenticide and potent Vitamin K antagonist/anticoagulant). We describe the clinical and radiologic findings in two patients who were diagnosed with, and treated for, ingestion of this new strain of synthetic marijuana. The radiologic manifestations were most notable for hemorrhagic pyelitis/ureteritis. Both patients required hospitalization with Vitamin K supplementation. The radiologic and clinical pictures in these patients are important for radiologists to recognize in order to help guide appropriate patient management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEmergency Radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Brodifacoum
  • Coagulopathy
  • Hematuria
  • Synthetic marijuana
  • Vitamin K

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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