The ability to accurately measure layered biological tissue optical properties (OPs) may improve understanding of spectroscopic device performance and facilitate early cancer detection. Towards these goals, we have performed theoretical and experimental evaluations of an approach for broadband measurement of absorption and reduced scattering coefficients at ultraviolet-visible wavelengths. Our technique is based on neural network (NN) inverse models trained with diffuse reflectance data from condensed Monte Carlo simulations. Experimental measurements were performed from 350 to 600 nm with a fiber-optic-based reflectance spectroscopy system. Two-layer phantoms incorporating OPs relevant to normal and dysplastic mucosal tissue and superficial layer thicknesses of 0.22 and 0.44 mm were used to assess prediction accuracy. Results showed mean OP estimation errors of 19% from the theoretical analysis and 27% from experiments. Two-step NN modeling and nonlinear spectral fitting approaches helped improve prediction accuracy. While limitations and challenges remain, the results of this study indicate that our technique can provide moderately accurate estimates of OPs in layered turbid media.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics