Brn-4 transcription factor expression targeted to the early developing mouse pancreas induces ectopic glucagon gene expression in insulin-producing β cells

Mehboob A. Hussain, Christopher P. Miller, Joel F. Habener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The endocrine pancreas is comprised of β and α cells producing the glucostatic hormones insulin and glucagon, respectively, and arises during development by the differentiation of stem/progenitor cells in the foregut programmed by the β cell lineage-specific homeodomain protein Idx-1. Brain-4 (Brn-4) is expressed in the pancreatic anlaga of the mouse foregut at e10 in the α cells and transactivates glucagon gene expression. We expressed Brn-4 in pancreatic precursors or β cell lineage in transgenic mice by placing it under either Idx-1 or insulin promoter (rat insulin II promoter) control, respectively. Idx-1 expression occurs at developmental day e8.5, and insulin expression occurs at e9.5, respectively. Misexpression of Brn-4 by the Idx-1 promoter results in ectopic expression of the proglucagon gene in insulin-expressing pancreatic β cells, whereas misexpression by rat insulin II promoter did not. The early developmental expression of Brn-4 appears to be a dominant regulator of the glucagon expressing α cell lineage, even in the context of the β cell lineage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16028-16032
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 3 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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