Brief Report: Prevalence of Self-injurious Behaviors among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder—A Population-Based Study

Gnakub N. Soke, Steven A. Rosenberg, Richard F. Hamman, Tasha Fingerlin, Cordelia Robinson, Laura Carpenter, Ellen Giarelli, Li Ching Lee, Lisa D. Wiggins, Maureen S. Durkin, Carolyn DiGuiseppi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Self-injurious behaviors (SIB) have been reported in more than 30 % of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in clinic-based studies. This study estimated the prevalence of SIB in a large population-based sample of children with ASD in the United States. A total of 8065 children who met the surveillance case definition for ASD in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network during the 2000, 2006, and 2008 surveillance years were included. The presence of SIB was reported from available health and/or educational records by an expert clinician in ADDM Network. SIB prevalence averaged 27.7 % across all sites and surveillance years, with some variation between sites. Clinicians should inquire about SIB during assessments of children with ASD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3607-3614
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Challenging behaviors
  • Prevalence
  • Self-injurious behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Brief Report: Prevalence of Self-injurious Behaviors among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder—A Population-Based Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this