Breastfeeding and transmission of HIV-1: Epidemiology and global magnitude

Mary Glenn Fowler, Athena P. Kourtis, Jim Aizire, Carolyne Onyango-Makumbi, Marc Bulterys

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

12 Scopus citations


Over the past two decades, major strides have been made in HIV-1 research and prevention. Among these advances, some of the most remarkable and sustained achievements have been in reducing the risk of transmission of HIV-1 from mothers to their infants. In resource-rich settings such as the USA and Europe, mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV-1 has successfully been reduced to less than 1-2% [1] with the goal of virtual elimination of new cases. This success in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV-1 has been achieved by widespread implementation of effective PMTCT antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens, and obstetrical interventions as well as avoidance of breastfeeding through the use of infant formula.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHuman Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 (HIV-1) and Breastfeeding
Subtitle of host publicationScience, Researh Advances, and Policy
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media, LLC
Number of pages23
ISBN (Print)9781461422501
StatePublished - 2012

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
ISSN (Print)0065-2598

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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