Breast milk and complementary food intake in Brazilian infants according to socio-economic position

Johanna J C Romulus-Nieuwelink, Colleen Doak, Elaine Albernaz, Cesar G. Victora, Hinke Haisma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective. (a) To compare breast milk and complementary food intake between breast-fed infants from high and low socio-economic status (SES) aged 8 months of age; (b) To compare these intakes with PAHO/WHO recommendations. Methods. Cross-sectional, community-based study in Pelotas, Brazil. Breast milk and complementary food intake were compared between 8-month-old infants from high (n=35) and low SES (n=30). Breast milk intake was measured using the 'dose-to-the mother' deuterium-oxide turnover method; complementary food intake was assessed using a questionnaire and by 24 hours food weighing. Results. Energy intake from breast milk (51.1±26.4 kcal/kg/d) was not different between social groups, being in line with current recommendations. However, energy intake from complementary foods (34.5±22.7 kcal/kg/d) and from milk, including breast milk, cow's milk and formula (60.1±19.6 kcal/kg/d), were significantly higher than recommendations. Total energy intake was 20% higher than recommended (93.3±24.4 versus 77.3 kcal/kg/day, p

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Obesity
Volume6
Issue number2 -2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Human Milk
Eating
Economics
Energy Intake
Milk
Pan American Health Organization
Deuterium Oxide
Food
Brazil
Breast
Mothers

Keywords

  • Breast milk intake
  • Breast-feeding
  • Complementary feeding
  • Cross-sectional study
  • Infant
  • Social class

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Breast milk and complementary food intake in Brazilian infants according to socio-economic position. / Romulus-Nieuwelink, Johanna J C; Doak, Colleen; Albernaz, Elaine; Victora, Cesar G.; Haisma, Hinke.

In: International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, Vol. 6, No. 2 -2, 06.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Romulus-Nieuwelink, Johanna J C ; Doak, Colleen ; Albernaz, Elaine ; Victora, Cesar G. ; Haisma, Hinke. / Breast milk and complementary food intake in Brazilian infants according to socio-economic position. In: International Journal of Pediatric Obesity. 2011 ; Vol. 6, No. 2 -2.
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