Breast-feeding, mastitis, and HIV transmission: Nutritional implications

Richard D. Semba, Margaret C. Neville

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


In many developing countries, transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from mother to infant occurs through breast-feeding. Mastitis, an inflammatory process in the breast, may be common in lactating women in Africa and is associated with both higher HIV load in breast milk and mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Antioxidant micronutrient deficiencies may increase the risk of mastitis. Whether prevention, early diagnosis, and prompt treatment of mastitis will help reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV in breast-feeding women needs further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-153
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition reviews
Issue number5 I
StatePublished - May 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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