BRAT1 mutations present with a spectrum of clinical severity

Siddharth Srivastava, Heather E. Olson, Julie S. Cohen, Cynthia S. Gubbels, Sharyn Lincoln, Brigette Tippin Davis, Layla Shahmirzadi, Siddharth Gupta, Jonathan Picker, Timothy W. Yu, David T. Miller, Janet S. Soul, Andrea Poretti, Sakkubai Naidu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Mutations in BRAT1, encoding BRCA1-associated ATM activator 1, are associated with a severe phenotype known as rigidity and multifocal seizure syndrome, lethal neonatal (RMFSL; OMIM # 614498), characterized by intractable seizures, hypertonia, autonomic instability, and early death. We expand the phenotypic spectrum of BRAT1 related disorders by reporting on four individuals with various BRAT1 mutations resulting in clinical severity that is either mild or moderate compared to the severe phenotype seen in RMFSL. Representing mild severity are three individuals (Patients 1-3), who are girls (including two sisters, Patients 1-2) between 4 and 10 years old, with subtle dysmorphisms, intellectual disability, ataxia or dyspraxia, and cerebellar atrophy on brain MRI; additionally, Patient 3 has well-controlled epilepsy and microcephaly. Representing moderate severity is a 15-month-old boy (Patient 4) with severe global developmental delay, refractory epilepsy, microcephaly, spasticity, hyperkinetic movements, dysautonomia, and chronic lung disease. In contrast to RMFSL, his seizure onset occurred later at 4 months of age, and he is still alive. All four of the individuals have compound heterozygous BRAT1 mutations discovered via whole exome sequencing: c.638dupA (p.Val214Glyfs*189); c.803+1G>C (splice site mutation) in Patients 1-2; c.638dupA (p.Val214Glyfs*189); c.419T>C (p.Leu140Pro) in Patient 3; and c.171delG (p.Glu57Aspfs*7); c.419T>C (p.Leu140Pro) in Patient 4. Only the c.638dupA (p.Val214Glyfs*189) mutation has been previously reported in association with RMFSL. These patients illustrate that, compared with RMFSL, BRAT1 mutations can result in both moderately severe presentations evident by later-onset epilepsy and survival past infancy, as well as milder presentations that include intellectual disability, ataxia/dyspraxia, and cerebellar atrophy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016



  • BRAT1
  • Cerebellar atrophy
  • Clinical severity
  • Epilepsy
  • Intellectual disability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

Cite this

Srivastava, S., Olson, H. E., Cohen, J. S., Gubbels, C. S., Lincoln, S., Davis, B. T., ... Naidu, S. (Accepted/In press). BRAT1 mutations present with a spectrum of clinical severity. American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A.