Brain-specific Drp1 regulates postsynaptic endocytosis and dendrite formation independently of mitochondrial division

Kie Itoh, Daisuke Murata, Takashi Kato, Tatsuya Yamada, Yoichi Araki, Atsushi Saito, Yoshihiro Adachi, Atsushi Igarashi, Shuo Li, Mikhail Pletnikov, Richard L. Huganir, Shigeki Watanabe, Atsushi Kamiya, Miho Iijima, Hiromi Sesaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) divides mitochondria as a mechano-chemical GTPase. However, the function of Drp1 beyond mitochondrial division is largely unknown. Multiple Drp1 isoforms are produced through mRNA splicing. One such isoform, Drp1ABCD, contains all four alternative exons and is specifically expressed in the brain. Here, we studied the function of Drp1ABCD in mouse neurons in both culture and animal systems using isoform-specific knockdown by shRNA and isoform-specific knockout by CRISPR/Cas9. We found that the expression of Drp1ABCD is induced during postnatal brain development. Drp1ABCD is enriched in dendritic spines and regulates postsynaptic clathrin-mediated endocytosis by positioning the endocytic zone at the postsynaptic density, independently of mitochondrial division. Drp1ABCD loss promotes the formation of ectopic dendrites in neurons and enhanced sensorimotor gating behavior in mice. These data reveal that Drp1ABCD controls postsynaptic endocytosis, neuronal morphology and brain function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere44739
JournaleLife
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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