Brain MRI pattern recognition translated to clinical scenarios

Andreia V. Faria, Zifei Liang, Michael I. Miller, Susumu Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We explored the performance of structure-based computational analysis in four neurodegenerative conditions [Ataxia (AT, n = 16), Huntington's Disease (HD, n = 52), Alzheimer's Disease (AD, n = 66), and Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA, n = 50)], all characterized by brain atrophy. The independent variables were the volumes of 283 anatomical areas, derived from automated segmentation of T1-high resolution brain MRIs. The segmentation based volumetric quantification reduces image dimensionality from the voxel level [on the order of O(106)] to anatomical structures [O(102)] for subsequent statistical analysis. We evaluated the effectiveness of this approach on extracting anatomical features, already described by human experience and a priori biological knowledge, in specific scenarios: (1) when pathologies were relatively homogeneous, with evident image alterations (e.g., AT); (2) when the time course was highly correlated with the anatomical changes (e.g., HD), an analogy for prediction; (3) when the pathology embraced heterogeneous phenotypes (e.g., AD) so the classification was less efficient but, in compensation, anatomical and clinical information were less redundant; and (4) when the entity was composed of multiple subgroups that had some degree of anatomical representation (e.g., PPA), showing the potential of this method for the clustering of more homogeneous phenotypes that can be of clinical importance. Using the structure-based quantification and simple linear classifiers (partial least square), we achieve 87.5 and 73% of accuracy on differentiating AT and pre-symptomatic HD patents from controls, respectively. More importantly, the anatomical features automatically revealed by the classifiers agreed with the patterns previously described on these pathologies. The accuracy was lower (68%) on differentiating AD from controls, as AD does not display a clear anatomical phenotype. On the other hand, the method identified PPA clinical phenotypes and their respective anatomical signatures. Although most of the data are presented here as proof of concept in simulated clinical scenarios, structure-based analysis was potentially effective in characterizing phenotypes, retrieving relevant anatomical features, predicting prognosis, and aiding diagnosis, with the advantage of being easily translatable to clinics and understandable biologically.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number578
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Volume11
Issue numberOCT
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2017

Keywords

  • Automated MRI analysis
  • Computer aid
  • Pattern recognition
  • Precision medicine
  • Quantitative MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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