Brain Microstructure and Impulsivity Differ between Current and Past Methamphetamine Users

Tamara Andres, Thomas Ernst, Kenichi Oishi, David Greenstein, Helenna Nakama, Linda Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Methamphetamine (Meth) use disorder continues to be highly prevalent worldwide. Meth users have higher impulsivity and brain abnormalities that may be different between current and past Meth users. The current study assessed impulsivity and depressive symptoms in 94 participants (27 current Meth users, 32 past Meth users and 35 non-drug user controls). Additionally, brain microstructure was assessed using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI); fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) were assessed in the striatum, and FA, MD, radial and axial diffusivity were quantified in five white matter structures using DtiStudio. Across the three subject groups, current users had the highest self-reported impulsivity scores, while both Meth user groups had larger striatal structures than the controls. Past Meth users had the highest FA and lowest MD in the striatum, which is likely due to greater magnetic susceptibility from higher iron content and greater dendritic spine density. In white matter tracts, current Meth users had higher AD than past users, indicating greater water diffusion along the axons, and suggesting inflammation with axonal swelling. In contrast, past users had the lowest AD, indicating more restricted diffusion, which might have resulted from reactive gliosis. Although current Meth users had greater impulsivity than past users, the brain microstructural abnormalities showed differences that may reflect different stages of neuroinflammation or iron-induced neurodegeneration. Combining current and past Meth users may lead to greater variability in studies of Meth users. Longitudinal studies are needed to further evaluate the relationship between recency of Meth use and brain microstructure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of NeuroImmune Pharmacology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 30 2016

Fingerprint

Methamphetamine
Impulsive Behavior
Brain
Anisotropy
Iron
Corpus Striatum
Dendritic Spines
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Gliosis
Axons
Longitudinal Studies

Keywords

  • DTI
  • Impulsivity
  • Methamphetamine
  • Striatum
  • White matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Brain Microstructure and Impulsivity Differ between Current and Past Methamphetamine Users. / Andres, Tamara; Ernst, Thomas; Oishi, Kenichi; Greenstein, David; Nakama, Helenna; Chang, Linda.

In: Journal of NeuroImmune Pharmacology, 30.04.2016, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Andres, Tamara ; Ernst, Thomas ; Oishi, Kenichi ; Greenstein, David ; Nakama, Helenna ; Chang, Linda. / Brain Microstructure and Impulsivity Differ between Current and Past Methamphetamine Users. In: Journal of NeuroImmune Pharmacology. 2016 ; pp. 1-11.
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